SLAUGHTERHOUSE – Place of origin of the hides after animal sacrificing.
RAW HIDE – Non preserved peeling.
HIDE – Preserved raw hide.
PICKLED LEATHER – Leather processed by pickling, untreated (can be a conservation phase).
TANNED LEATHER – Wet- blue leather, tanned with chromium salts – wet.
VEGETABLE TANNED LEATHER – Leather tanned with vegetable extract.
CRUST LEATHER – Finished processed leather, which is the raw material for the manufacturer industry or technical articles.
FINISHED LEATHER – Finished processed leather, which is the raw material for the manufacturer industry or technical articles.
SOFT LEATHER – Leather for shoes, leather goods and other accessories, furniture upholstery.
HARD LEATHER – Leather for equestrian articles, technical articles, shoe sole etc.
SELECTION OF LEATHER – Name given to the different types of leather.
BOX LEATHER – Leather for shoes.
NAPPA LEATHER – Leather with enhanced softness.
NUBUC LEATHER – Suede leather for shoes.
PULL- UP LEATHER – Leather with ull-up effect when bending and pulling.
CRAZY – HORSE LEATHER – Leather polished and impregnated with oil and paraffin with pull-up effects when bending and pulling.
BRUSHABLE LEATHER – Leather which is suitable for finishing and brushing after the manufacturing of the footwear.
WASH-OFF LEATHER AND BRUSH -OFF LEATHERF – Leather which is suitable for abrasive brushing made directly on shoes; wet and dry brushing.
HYDROPHOBIC BOX – Water repellent leather for military, safety and sports shoes.
EMBOSSED BOX – Leather for safety shoes.
LINING LEATHER – Leather that is used inside the shoe.
LEATHER FOR LEATHER GOODS – Various types of leather for making bags, handbags.
BLANC LEATHER – Vegetable tanned leather for equitation articles (saddles , harnesses), belts, bags , suitcases etc.
SHOE SOLE LEATHER – Vegetable tanned leather for shoe soles.
LEATHER FOR TECHNICAL ARTICLES – Leather for gaskets, gearing belts etc.
TANNERY – The place where the raw hides are processed into finished state.
COLD STORAGE – The place where we store hides in cold rooms.
SOAK – Operations of rehydrating the hides.
LIMING – Chemical operation of cleaning the hair away.
FLESHING – Mechanical operation of removing the hypoderm.
DELIMING – Chemical operation of removing the chemically bounded lime from the limed leather.
BATING – Chemical operation of loosening the dermal tissue.
PICKLING – Chemical operation of acidification of the hides in preparation for tanning.
TANNING– Chemical operation that transforms the skin into organic matter, rot-proof.
PRESSING – Mechanical operation to remove excess moisture.
SPLITTING – Mechanical operation of splitting the leather into more layers.
EQUALIZING – Mechanical operation for smoothing leather thickness.
SORTING – Sorting the leather in various stages of production , according to natural faults, for different items.
DYEING – Retanning with synthetic and vegetable dyes.
LUBRICATION – Chemical operation with animal, vegetable and synthetic oils.
VACUUM PRE-DRYING – Extracting moisture using vacuum and temperature.
CONVEYOR DRYING – Drying at ambient temperature on a conveyor.
STAKING – Mechanical operation giving different degrees of softness for the leather.
POLISHING – Polishing operation for the split leather or suede.
FINISHING – Operation of applying different finishes, depending on the desired range.
MEASURING – Operation of measuring the leather’s surface.
EPIDERM – The top part of the skin composed of keratinous cells , which are chemically removed during the hide processing.
DERMA – Intermediary part on the skin formed of collagen fibers, which are used in processing leather.
HYPODERM – Part of the skin tissue that connects to the muscles, composed of lipids and blood vessels.